Overview: The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons

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During the presidential campaign, Trump suggested the best path to addressing North Korea was to arm additional countries, such as South Korea and Japan, with nuclear weapons.

"The belief of some governments that nuclear weapons are a legitimate and essential source of security is not only misguided, but also risky, for it incites proliferation and undermines disarmament".

Despite those admonitions, at least 53 member states of the United Nations have signed the treaty since a ceremony to start the ratification process was held at the General Assembly on September 20. PRI featured his story earlier this year, as part of our series about people who have kept the world safe from nuclear weapons.

Despite fiery rhetoric and threats of a nuclear conflict emanating from the war of words between the US and North Korea over the past year, the movement to delegitimize the weapons has pushed forward in step.

Mr Nash says superpowers like the United States need to lead from the front - and he has a message for President Trump.

Before Friday, ICAN was a little-known organisation based in Geneva, Switzerland.

They are a coalition of non-governmental organisations spanning one hundred countries.

The Center for Bangladesh Studies (CBS) and Physicians for Social Responsibility Bangladesh (PSRB) are among the 468 partners of ICAN from 101 countries.

Though she said the committee wasn't "kicking anybody's leg with this prize", she noted that none of the nine nuclear-armed powers have so far supported the weapons ban.

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The association bans the use of these devices in some of their own firing ranges, Politico reports. For his part, Ryan has said he'd be open to a vote on banning the bump stock devices.

The PSRB also conducts campaign against use of nuclear weapon. He hopes the Nobel Peace Prize could lend legitimacy to the ban and force nuclear-armed nations to enter a dialogue with ICAN.

Founded in Vienna in 2007 on the fringes of an worldwide conference on the nuclear non-proliferation treaty, ICAN has tirelessly mobilised campaigners and celebrities alike in its cause.

It's the latest group of people involved in world nuclear-disarmament efforts to be recognized with the Nobel Peace Prize, an award that's also been presented to such advocates in 1959, 1962, 1974, 1982, 1985, 1990, 1995 and 2005.

Arup Rahee, general secretary of CBS, said his organisation always campaigned for peace and made a decision to work against use of nuclear weapon.

Online, many celebrated the news that ICAN was awarded this year's prize. Russian Federation and the United States hold the world's largest stockpiles of nuclear weapons. Two days before her group won the prize, Fihn had tweeted that Trump was "a moron". "We laid the foundations for ICAN to do its work", Tanaka said.

"The Iranian regime supports terrorism and exports violence, bloodshed and chaos across the Middle East".

Teaching the world about the dangers of nuclear war has been something of a calling for Professor Ruff.

"Keeping nuclear weapons legal isn't going to help things", she said. Friday's award - the climax to a week of prize-giving honouring the world's leading lights in fields from physics and medicine to literature - comes as another non-proliferation deal, Iran's 2015 accord with world powers, is under increasing pressure from Trump.

Nikki Haley, the USA ambassador to the United Nations, said at the time that "we have to be realistic" about the nuclear threat of rogue nations such as North Korea, and she warned that the ban could actually increase the risk of nuclear war, not reduce it.