The worldwide community called on involved parties to hold negotiations to determine the status of Jerusalem after the United States on Monday vetoed a United Nations Security Council (UNSC) draft resolution.
US Ambassador Nikki Haley signalled during a council meeting held ahead of the vote that the United States was ready to use its veto by recalling that the former US administration had abstained in a vote condemning Israeli settlements previous year.
"Today, for the simple act of deciding where to put our embassy, the United States was forced to defend its sovereignty".
Palestinian President Abbas spokesman blasted the move at the time and said, "it leaves [the impression that] the U.S. its losing its position as a negotiator" and that Washington is "withdrawing from its duties as a sponsor of the diplomatic peace process".
Palestinians burn tires during protests against U.S. President Donald Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel in the West Bank town of Ramallah on December 16, 2017.
Officials said Pence was staying for a key Senate vote on tax reform.
The US "recognition of the obvious" that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel was "too much for some", Haley said.
Al-Otaibi said East Jerusalem was an occupied Palestinian land and the U.S. decision would not have "any legal effect".
Nine votes in favour plus the support of all five veto-wielding members of the council were needed to pass the resolution.
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Despite the barrage of criticism regarding the US's waning role, the Trump administration has continuously reaffirmed its commitment to the Middle East peace process going so far as stating that within the context of the Jerusalem declaration, "there is a very good opportunity for peace to be achieved".
"What we witnessed here in the Security Council is an insult".
The draft resolution was circulated among UNSC members last week.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu thanked Haley and Trump in a Facebook video, saying: "You lit a candle of truth".
The Palestinians slammed the veto as "unacceptable" and vowed to turn to the UN General Assembly to win adoption for the resolution that was blocked at the council. "You dispel the darkness", in a reference to the Jewish festival of Hanukkah which is now taking place.
And then hope that PA President Mahmoud Abbas - the guy who premised his Ph.D. thesis on denying the existence of the Holocaust - will "control" Hamas, the virulently anti-Semitic offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood, which in its 1988 charter - and affirmed every year to this very day - refuses to recognize the State of Israel's right to exist and is committed to jihad to destroy every last vestige of Israel and every Jew on earth.
Palestinian Authority spokesman Nabil Abu Rudeineh said the United States veto "represents a complete bias with the [Israeli] occupation and aggression", CNN reports.
The Palestinians immediately announced that they will seek a resolution with similar demands in the 193-member General Assembly, where there are no vetoes.
To pass in the General Assembly, the resolution would likely need a two-thirds majority as it would be considered an issue of peace and security.