Bangladesh hosting over a million Rohingya refugees

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A Joint Working Group was formed on December 19 of the same year under the terms and conditions of the bilateral arrangement signed between the two countries. "Myanmar has reiterated its commitment to stop [the] outflow of residents to Bangladesh", the Bangladeshi delegation said.

Myanmar immigration officials will verify the identities of those returning from Bangladesh before they are transferred to Hla Pho Khaung, where they will be given temporary accommodation.

Many displaced Rohingya in Bangladesh, however, remain concerned about returning to Myanmar.

Despite having lived in predominantly Buddhist Myanmar for generations, Rohingya Muslims have been denied citizenship, freedom of movement and access to basic social rights.

Myanmar and Bangladesh have reached a deal on the return of hundreds of thousands of Muslim Rohingyas that sidelined the United Nations refugee agency.

A deal to repatriate Rohingya refugees who fled to Bangladesh to escape deadly violence in Myanmar's strife-torn Rakhine State has been greeted with a mixture of hope, despair and rage on both sides of the border.

"We had proposed to repatriate 15,000 Rohingyas every week but they [Myanmar] did not agree to it", Bangladesh Ambassador to Myanmar Sufiur Rahman said. Myanmar's army described it as "clearance operations" against terrorists, but the United Nations and the US have called it "ethnic cleansing".

Bangladesh and Myanmar finalized the physical arrangement agreement.

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Earlier in December a year ago, Myanmar Minister of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement Dr Win Myat Aye said a group of 450 Hindu refugees will be allowed back across the border to Burma on 22 January as the first step in the repatriation process.

Myanmar has reiterated acceptance of refugees from Bangladesh after citizenship scrutiny under three processes, inviting the worldwide community to help in the process.

More than 650,000 Rohingya have fled to neighbouring Bangladesh since August 25, when Myanmar's army launched a bloody crackdown in response to attacks on border posts by the armed group, Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army.

He added: "If they had to take the Rohingyas back, then why did they drive them away?" The board is charged with helping implement recommendations for ending the crisis written by a commission led by former U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan.

"In any refugee situation, UNHCR hopes that refugees will be able to return home when they themselves choose to", the agency said in a statement.

"We strongly oppose new resettlement areas in southern Maungdaw, which has easy access to cross over to Bangladesh", the party said in a statement on January 15.

But ethnic Rakhine, many of whom are poor and marginalised, have a long-standing enmity with the Myanmar state which is dominated by ethnic Bamar.