The measure failed to gain the 60 votes needed to break a Democratic filibuster, with a handful of red-state Democrats crossing the aisle to support the measure and some Republicans voting in opposition.
But most federal workers will not be paid. President Donald Trump phoned Senate Democratic leader Chuck Schumer of NY to invite him to the White House yesterday afternoon to try to reach some sort of accord.
It's not clear what they discussed, but their conversation likely centered around a GOP-backed bill that would fund the government temporarily.
If some federal government agencies shut down, it would be the first time since October 2013. Republicans say talks are already underway on both of those issues and more. White House legislative affairs director Marc Short emphasized the White House will not negotiate on the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program (DACA) during a shutdown.
"Democrats are holding our Military hostage over their desire to have unchecked illegal immigration", he tweeted.
The rival parties are locked in a political standoff as the fate of 700,000 younger immigrants - undocumented immigrants who were given temporary legal status under the Obama administration - is in limbo over deportation.
The federal government shutdown is a gift from Democrats, President Trump joked amid a string of early Saturday tweets, pinning blame for the stalemate on Democrats and pushing for more Republicans to be elected.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell also laid the shutdown at the Democrats' feet, blasting Democrats from the Senate floor where he said the shutdown "was 100 per cent avoidable".
South Korea, US agree on denuclearisation talks with North Korea
Moon countered that North Korea's participation at Pyeongchang "will serve as a chance to warm solidly frozen South-North ties". The IOC will try to finalize protocols related to North Korea's participation, such as the country's flag, uniform and anthem.
While many were seen "congratulating" President Trump, others felt that the shutdown was very much avoidable.
While there have been shutdowns before - the longest occurred during Bill Clinton's presidency when the government shut down for 21 days - this is the first time a full shutdown has occurred when one party has control of both Houses of Congress and the White House.
Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-New York, blamed Mr. Trump.
The last USA shutdown happened in 2013 and lasted for 16 days.
"But as of tonight, due to a completely avoidable government shutdown, they'll stand their post without pay".
In September, Trump announced he was ending the programme and gave Congress until 5 March to come up with new legislation.