The ARD report on Monday quoted Rodchenkov, the source of revelations on Moscow's state-sponsored doping, as saying that orders came from the Russian leader who was kept informed through former sports minister Vitaly Mutko.
He also noted Moscow to not be looking to cut ties with Washington despite emphasizing it won't "surrender positions endlessly". "They are assailing the US president", he said.
The list, dubbed the "Putin list" and the "oligarchs list" was drawn up as part of a sanctions package signed into law in August previous year; it does not mean those included will be subject to sanctions, but it casts a potential shadow of sanctions risk over a wide circle of wealthy Russians.
"I don't even understand on which criteria this list could be formed", said the minister, who has also been included on the US Treasury's blacklist. Some are the most famous of wealthy Russians, among them tycoons Roman Abramovich and Mikhail Prokhorov, who challenged Putin in the 2012 election. Congress had requested an unclassified version of the report. Among them are all members of the Russian government, the staff of Putin's administration, other high-ranking politicians and 96 oligarchs whose total assets exceed $1 billion.
This is not a sanctions list and no restrictions are slapped on those mentioned in the document, the Treasury Department said.
Mr Putin said the list was an unfriendly act that complicated US-Russia ties but he said he did not want to escalate the situation.
Putin responded by suggesting the goal of Russians should be to develop their economy to the point where "there's no point to formulating any lists, to hold us back".
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Putin called the list "a hostile step" but then joked that he felt "slighted" that he wasn't included on it.
'You would think that Russian Federation, having subverted our elections and trying again to do this - there seems to be an inability by this president and this administration to talk about Russian Federation, ' he said.
"Since the enactment of the ... legislation, we estimate that foreign governments have abandoned planned or announced purchases of several billion dollars in Russian defense acquisitions", she said.
Trump's attacks on the media's credibility are often over-the-top, but this is a case where his administration maybe should have put a little less faith in a press account and done some research of its own.
"It's fine if the Trump administration doesn't believe in sanctions". That ambiguity has made it impossible for the public to know exactly what is and isn't permissible. He dismissed the State Department's claim that "the mere threat of sanctions" would stop Moscow from further meddling in US elections.
Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin told the Senate Banking Committee on Tuesday that the administration could still impose sanctions.
It also has a classified annex with "additional information". Robert Menendez, D-New Jersey.