The U.S. has imposed sanctions on 17 Saudis who were involved in Khashoggi's murder, but a bipartisan group of senators - including Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.) - favor harsher sanctions against the Saudi royal family, specifically the crown prince.
Trump has said it may never be known who was responsible for the killing, and in public comments - and a long and unusual statement last week - he reinforced the United States' long-standing alliance with the Saudis.
It's necessary to demand accountability for Khashoggi's murder "while recognizing the reality of Saudi Arabia as a necessary strategic partner", he said.
Freeland said the sanctions "target individuals who are, in the opinion of the government of Canada, responsible for or complicit in the extrajudicial killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi on October 2, 2018".
Senators voted 63-37 on the measure, which allows debate on the bill that would terminate usa support.
The US Senate voted 63-37 Wednesday to advance a resolution calling for an end to US support for the Saudi-led war in Yemen.
The BBC's Barbara Plett Usher in Washington says opposition to the war in Yemen has gained momentum because of outrage at the administration's response to the killing and many in Congress want a tougher stance from the White House.
USA intelligence agencies have concluded that the Saudi crown prince must have at least known about a plot to kill Khashoggi. "But I may now be willing to get on the [legislative] vehicle, knowing it can be amended, to figure out some way for us to send the appropriate message to Saudi Arabia that appropriately displays American values and American national interest".
"The question for me is whether or not the Central Intelligence Agency supports the conclusion, with a high degree of confidence, that the crown prince was complicit in the murder of Mr Khashoggi", Graham told reporters.
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The Republican candidate also and pushed for a revisionist review of the Civil War in 2007 when she was the state's senator. Hyde-Smith ultimately apologized but not before Espy responded during a debate calling the comments, "what's in her heart".
"The Argentine judiciary has sent a clear message that even powerful officials like Mohammed bin Salman are not above the law and will be scrutinized if implicated in grave global crimes", HRW Executive Director Kenneth Roth said in a statement.
CIA Director Gina Haspel, who traveled to Turkey as part of the investigation, was absent from the meeting.
The Saudi government's story about what happened has changed repeatedly, from questioning whether Khashoggi actually disappeared to admitting that he was killed by Saudi agents in what a prosecutor has called a bungled rogue operation to bring him back to Saudi Arabia.
Emerging from the briefing, Pompeo said the vote would be "poorly timed" as diplomatic efforts to end the conflict are underway.
Senators are expressing disappointment that officials from the intelligence community were not present at a closed-door briefing over the US response to the killing of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi. "The longer we enable the conflict to continue, the more innocent men, women and children will die", said Sen.
"I was asked to be here, and here I am", he said.
Nihad Awad, the national executive director and founder of the Council on American-Islamic Relations, said he was a close friend of Khashoggi.
Bin Salman will be among the world leaders gathering for the G20 and few want to be seen shaking hands with the Saudi crown prince.
After speaking with the White House on Wednesday, Sen.
A Saudi-led coalition is fighting Houthi rebels in Yemen. "They said they are going to brief me, and I said appreciate it".