While stiff historical headwinds were blowing in Republicans' faces, the opposition correctly read the political needs of the moment and recruited an array of strong female candidates who were primed to exploit widespread suburban dissatisfaction with the president.
Below are just some of the women who made history on election night.
"It is up to us to fulfil the promise of America", she told supporters after her win.
Congresswoman-elect Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez will not be able to afford a Washington, DC, apartment until her salary kicks in when she assumes office in January, The New York Times reported Wednesday.
With most of the results now known, women in the U.S. have achieved a number of significant firsts and played a major role in shifting the figures in Congress.
Her campaign focused to secure a $15 minimum wage, stopping cuts to welfare programmes, preventing tax relief to large corporations, and debt-free college and vocational training.
The 44-year-old ran unopposed on Tuesday after unseating ten-term Rep. Michael Capuano in the state primary earlier this year. Ayanna Pressley and Jahana Hayes became first black women to represent their states, MA and CT, in Congress. Marsha Blackburn became the first woman to make it to the Senate from Tennessee, and Jacky Rosen became the first female to represent Nevada in US Senate.
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"Hope has been severely challenged in the last few years - both here in ME and across the country", she said. "It's just a matter of time".
Newly elected Congresswoman, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez won her district in a landslide to become the youngest ever female elected to the House of Representatives.
First Hispanic woman to Congress from Texas: There are two women in Texas whose victories will make them the first Hispanic women from the Lone Star state to go to Congress. Democrats Veronica Escobar and Sylvia Garcia both secured election victories.
For this wave of women leaders, the next few years are going to be about much more than stereotypical women's issues. She earned degrees in Economics and International Relations from Boston University and while there, she handled foreign affairs under the late Sen. With a win in Colorado, he will now become the country's first openly gay man to win a gubernatorial election. Polis, who declared victory late Tuesday night, has always been outspoken in favour of marijuana legalisation.
- Marsha Blackburn: First woman elected to the Senate from Tennessee. Jim McGreevey, a Democrat and former New Jersey governor, came out while in office in 2004.
In Kansas, Sharice Davids defeated a long-time Republican incumbent while, in New Mexico, Debra Haaland cruised to a landslide victory in the state's first district.
She is a lawyer by profession and worked as a White House fellow during the Obama-Trump transition.