Seeds just sprouted on the Moon for the first time in history

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The Chang'e 4 is also the first vehicle to land on the far-side of the moon.

In addition to cotton, the Chinese moon capsule also includes seeds to grow potatoes and a common lab plant called Arabidopsis, neither of which have sprouted so far.

"This is the first time humans have done biological growth experiments on the lunar surface", said Xie Gengxin, who led the design of the experiment, on Tuesday.

China's mini biosphere experiment is another important step towards the long-term goal of sustainable off-planet environments.

Sprouts from cotton seeds have emerged from a lattice-like structure in a metal canister inside the lander, China said. - China will seek to establish an worldwide lunar base one day, possibly using 3D printing technology to build facilities, the Chinese space agency said on January 14, weeks after landing the rover on the moon's far side.

Professor Liu Hanlong was in charge of the mission and issued the following statement on the accomplishment: "We have given consideration to future survival in space".

"The plants would generate oxygen and food for other living things to "consume".

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Regardless of whether the soil could support plants, the far side of the moon has high mountains, craters and few large, flat areas, said Sun Zezhou, chief designer of the Chang'e-4 lunar lander. Cotton could be used for clothing, rapeseed for oil, and the potatoes a source of food. We could probably make some nice sweaters from moon-grown cotton.

The Chang'e-4 lunar probe landed on 3 January and transmitted the first-ever "close range" image of the "dark" side of the moon. It's likely in the future if all the environmental conditions are met.

China is energetically expanding its space program.

The country's first mission to Mars is scheduled for around 2020, Wu Yanhua, deputy head of China National Space Administration, said at a news conference in Beijing Monday.

Xinhua said the probe had taken about 170 pictures so far which have been sent back to Earth.

According to Wu, Chang'e 6 will be on a mission to collect samples from the Moon's South pole and later missions will be created to conduct surveys of the surrounding area.

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