In 2017, Russian authorities said they plan to route 95% all traffic within the country by 2020.
Named the Digital Economy National Programme (DENP), measures include the creation of Russia's own internet address system so that its online access could continue if connections to worldwide servers were severed.
Russian Federation also wants all internal network traffic to pass through routing points controlled by the government. This is aimed to ensure that all data or information shared online by Russian users stays within the country, and is not re-routed through servers based in other countries where it could be intercepted and perhaps misused.
The bill would require Internet providers to make sure they can operate if foreign countries attempt to isolate the Runet, or Russian Internet.
Russia's temporary disconnection is created to test how equipped the nation is to defend itself against a foreign cyber attack but it could also be a precursor to a more permanent severing of ties.
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The date for the disconnection has not been set but it will reportedly take place before 1 April 2019.
That is the deadline for amendments to "sovereign internet" legislation that ostensibly will allow Russian Federation to protect itself from foreign aggression in the digital sphere.
The Russian government is providing cash for ISPs to modify their infrastructure so the redirection effort can be properly tested. Russian Federation has been building its own localized Domain Name System (DNS) for a few years now.
Shakirov says the authors of Russia's Internet regulations frequently draft such illiterate legislation that it's largely unenforceable (like the law used to "ban" Telegram), and the authorities have had mixed success with policies already on the books, like SORM (the System for Operative Investigative Activities), the Yarovaya laws, and more.
Experts have said developing such sweeping capabilities, if not impossible, would be very expensive and could lead to major disruptions in the functioning of the internet. It would also make it easier for Russian Federation to ban blocked websites, a prospect that's drawn criticism from those who fear Internet censorship, similar to that in China.
He added that it will be hard for them to shut down all the outside router points if they want to carry out the test, since they have to attack different servers from hundreds of providers, while only some of the providers are Russian companies. If sources are to be believed, the Russian government had been working towards this for many years.