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Muslims pray at Salam Mosque in Quezon City, May 16 2018.

Muslims attend early morning Eid prayers the day after Ramadan.

In case you were wondering it's perfectly fine for a non-Muslim to wish a Muslim for Ramadan.

What is Ramadan all about?

Muslims in Southeast Asia and much of the Middle East, including Iraq and Saudi Arabia, are starting the fasting month of Ramadan on Monday. It lasts for 29 to 30 days depending on the appearance of new moon.

At the end of the 30 days of fasting, Muslims celebrate Eid al-Fitr which translates to "festival of breaking the fast" in Arabic.

Many break their fast as the Prophet Muhammad did around 1 400 years ago, with a sip of water and some dates at sunset followed by prayer.

The Ramadan fast begins with a pre-dawn meal called "suhoor" to prepare hungry stomachs for the long day ahead. Able-bodied Muslims are expected to abstain from eating, drinking and sexual relations from dawn to sunset each day of the month.

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It is also done to achieve greater self-discipline, self-purification, and compassion for those less fortunate.

Madam Halimah also took the time to correct certain misconceptions about the season - for instance, whether Muslims can swallow their saliva while fasting.

But fasting is only prescribed to healthy Muslims, who are mature and healthy.

All those who are physically limited (for example, because of an illness or old age) are exempt from the obligation to fast; the same is true for anyone who is traveling.

During the fast, people let go off worldly pleasures and fast with their family and friends. This is called iftar.

They must also abstain from sex, gossip and cursing during the fasting period and are encouraged to focus on meditative acts like additional prayers, reading the Quran and charity.

WASHINGTON: US President Donald Trump and his wife Sunday greeted Muslims on the eve of Ramadan.

The popular greetings during the fast is "Ramadan Mubarak" and "Ramadan Kareem", wishing the recipient a "blessed" and generous Ramadan.